Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country, with a population of 171 million, including 40 million children. It is also the continent’s largest economy and has achieved strong economic growth rates in recent years. There have been some improvements in the situation of children and women in recent years, but a lot still remains to be done.

Over half the population live in poverty. There are major regional disparities, and 90 per cent of the poorest people live in the north of the country. Nigeria regularly faces natural disasters - such as droughts, floods and epidemics - as well as violent conflict, including insurgency and communal clashes. The Boko Haram insurgency has triggered the displacement of 2.3 million people since May 2013.

Nigeria also has the second highest HIV burden in the world. Coverage for services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) remains low, and paediatric infections account for almost one third of the global burden.

Nigeria has 10.5 million out-of-school children - the world’s highest number. Girls’ primary school attendance has been improving, but this has not been the case for girls from the poorest households.

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